JEE Main 2021 Physics question paper for February 24, shift 1 exam is provided here. Students will also find solutions for each question covered in the Feb 24 JEE Main 2021 Physics shift 1 question paper. These solutions have been prepared by our subject experts and will help students to clearly understand the correct answer.
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SECTION A
Question 1. Four identical particles of equal masses 1 kg made to move along the circumference of a circle of radius 1 m under the action of their own mutual gravitational attraction. The speed of each particle will be
Solution:
Answer: (a)
⇒ By resolving force F_{2}, we get
⇒ F_{1} + F_{2} cos 45° + F_{2} cos 45° = F_{c}
⇒ F_{1} + 2F_{2} cos 45° = F_{c}
F_{c} = centripetal force = MV^{2} / R
⇒
⇒
⇒
⇒
⇒
⇒
(Given: mass = 1 kg, radius = 1 m)
⇒
Question 2. Consider two satellites S_{1} and S_{2} with periods of revolution 1 hr and 8 hr respectively revolving around a planet in circular orbits. The ratio of angular velocity of satellite S_{1} to the angular velocity of satellite S_{2} is
Solution:
Answer: (a)
We know that ω = 2𝜋/T
Given: Ratio of time period
T_{1} / T_{2} = 1/8
⇒ ω ∝ 1/T
⇒ ω_{1} / ω_{2} = T_{1} / T_{2}
⇒ ω_{1} / ω_{2} = 8/1
⇒ω_{1}: ω_{2} = 8 : 1
Question 3. n moles of a perfect gas undergoes a cyclic process ABCA (see figure) consisting of the following processes:
A→ B: Isothermal expansion at temperature T so that the volume is doubled from V_{1} to V_{2} and pressure changes from P_{1} to P_{2}.
B → C: Isobaric compression at pressure P_{2} to initial volume V_{1}.
C → A: Isochoric change leading to change of pressure from P_{2} to P_{1}.
Total work done in the complete cycle ABCA is –
Solution:
Answer: (d)
Question 4. Two equal capacitors are first connected in series and then in parallel. The ratio of the equivalent capacities in the two cases will be
Solution:
Answer: (b)
Given that first connection
Second connection
C_{34} = C + C = 2 C
Now, the ratio of equivalent capacities in the two cases will be –
⇒ C_{12} / C_{34} = C_{2} / 2C ⇒ C_{12} / C_{34} = ¼
Question 5. A cell E_{1} of emf 6V and internal resistance 2Ω is connected with another cell E_{2} of emf 4V and internal resistance 8Ω (as shown in the figure). The potential difference across points X and Y is
Solution:
Answer: (c)
emf of E_{1} = 6V
r_{1} = 2 Ω
emf of E_{2}= 4V
r_{2} = 8Ω
|v_{x}– v_{y}| = potential difference across points X and Y
E_{eff} = 6 – 4 = 2V
R_{eq} = 2 + 8 = 10 Ω
So, current in the circuit will be
⇒ Ι = E_{eff} / Req⇒ I = 2/10 = 0.2 A
Now, potential difference across points X and Y is
|v_{x}– v_{y}| = E + iR
⇒ |v_{x}– v_{y}| = 4 + 0.2 × 8 = 5.6 V
⇒ |v_{x}– v_{y}| = 5.6 V
Question 6. If Y, K and η are the values of Young’s modulus, bulk modulus and modulus of rigidity of any material respectively. Choose the correct relation for these parameters.
Solution:
Answer: (a)
⇒ Y = 3K (1 – 2σ)
⇒ σ = ½ (1 - Y / 3K) .... (1)
⇒Y = 2η (1 + σ)
⇒ σ = Y / 2η - 1 .... (2)
By comparing equation (1) and (2), we get
⇒ Y / 2η – 1 = ½ (1 - Y / 3K)
⇒ Y / η – 2 = 1 – Y / 3K
⇒ Y / η = 1 + 2 – Y / 3K ⇒ Y / η = 3 – Y / 3K
⇒ Y / 3K = 3 – Y / η ⇒ Y / 3K = 3η - Y / η
⇒ K = ηY / 9η - 3Y
Question 7. Two stars of masses m and 2m at a distance d rotate about their common centre of mass in free space. The period of revolution is
Solution:
Answer: (a)
⇒ G(m)(2m) / d^{2} = mω^{2} × 2d / 3
⇒ 2Gm / d^{2} = ω^{2} × 2d / 3
⇒ ω^{2} = 3Gm / d^{3}
⇒
We know that, ω = 2π / T so T = 2π / ω
⇒
Question 8. If the velocity-time graph has the shape AMB, what would be the shape of the corresponding acceleration-time graph?
Solution:
Answer: (a)
a= dv / d t= slope of (v – t) curve
If m = +ve, then equation of straight line is
y = mx + c ⇒ v = mt + c (for MB)
If m = –ve, then equation of straight line is
y = –mx + c ⇒ v = -mt + c (for AM)
If we differentiate equation (1) and (2), we get
asub>MB = +ve = m where m is constant.
asub>AM = –ve = –m, so graph of (a-t) will be
Question 9. Given below are two statements:
Statement-I: Two photons having equal linear momenta have equal wavelengths.
Statement-II: If the wavelength of a photon is decreased, then the momentum and energy of a photon will also decrease.
In the light of the above statements, choose the correct answer from the options given below.
Solution:
Answer: (d)
Energy of photon
E = hc / λ
= E ∝ 1 / λ
Hence, energy of photon increases as the wavelength of light decreases. Also, momentum of the photon p = E / c
⇒ p ∝ E
Thus, momentum of the photon also increases as its wavelength decreases.
Question 10. A current through a wire depends on time as i = α_{0}t + βt^{2} where α_{0} = 20 A/s and β = 8 As^{-2}. Find the charge crossed through a section of the wire in 15 s.
Solution:
Answer: (d)
Given: i = α_{0}t + βt^{2}
α = 20 A/s and β = 8As^{-2}
t = 15 sec
⇒ Q = 20×15×15 / 2 + 8×15×15×15 / 3 – 0
⇒ Q = 11250 C
Question 11. Match List-I with List-II
List - I |
List - II |
(a) Isothermal |
(i) Pressure constant |
(b) Isochoric |
(ii) Temperature constant |
(c) Adiabatic |
(iii) Volume constant |
(d) Isobaric |
(iv) Heat content is constant |
Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
Solution:
Answer: (b)
(a)→ (ii), (b)→ (iii), (c)→ (iv), (d)→ (i)
By theory,
In an isothermal process, temperature is constant.
In an isochoric process, volume is constant.
In an adiabatic process, heat content is constant.
In an isobaric process, pressure is constant.
Question 12. In the given figure, the energy levels of hydrogen atom have been shown along with some transitions marked A, B, C, D and E.
The transition A, B and C respectively represents:
Solution:
Answer: (a)
A → series limit of Lyman series.
B → 3^{rd} member of Balmer series.
C → 2^{nd} member of Paschen series.
Question 13. The focal length f is related to the radius of curvature r of the spherical convex mirror by:
Solution:
Answer: (c)
So, r / 2 = f
f = +½ r
Question 14. Moment of inertia (M.I.) of four bodies, having same mass and radius, are reported as:
I_{1} = M.I. of thin circular ring about its diameter,
I_{2} = M.I. of circular disc about an axis perpendicular to disc and going through the centre,
I_{3} = M.I. of solid cylinder about its axis and
I_{4} = M.I. of solid sphere about its diameter.
Then:
Solution:
Answer: (d)
Given,
I_{1} = M.I. of thin circular ring about its diameter
I_{2} = M.I. circular disc about an axis perpendicular to disc and going through the centre.
I_{3} = M.I. of solid cylinder about its axis
I_{4} = M.I. of solid sphere about its diameter
We know that,
I_{1}= MR^{2} / 2
I_{2 }= MR^{2} / 2
I_{3 }= MR^{2} / 2
I_{4} = ⅖ MR
So, I_{1} = I_{2} = I_{3} > I_{4}
Question 15. The work done by a gas molecule in an isolated system is given by,
Solution:
Answer: (c)
Given: work done =
k = boltzmann constant
T = temperature
x = displacement
We know that, x^{2} / α.k.T = dimensionless
[x^{2} / α.k.T ] = [M^{0}L^{0}T^{0}]
[α] = [L^{2} / k.T]
⇒ [κ] = [M^{1}L^{2}T^{-2}K^{-1}]
[T] = [K]
⇒ [α] = [L^{2} / M^{1}L^{2}T^{-2}K^{-1}× K] ⇒ [α] = [M^{-1}T^{2}]
⇒ ω = α.β^{2}
⇒ [M^{1}L^{1}T^{-2}][L^{-1}] / [M^{-1}T^{2}] = [β^{2}] = [M^{2}L^{2}T^{-4}]
[β] = [MLT^{-2}]
Question 16. If an emitter current is changed by 4mA, the collector current changes by 3.5 mA. The value of β will be:
Solution:
Answer: (1)
Given:
ΔI_{E} = 4 mA
ΔI_{C} = 3.5 mA
We know that, α = ΔI_{C} / ΔI_{E}
⇒ α = 3.5 / 4 = ⅞
Also, β = α / 1-α, so
β = 7
Question 17. In Young’s double-slit experiment, the width of one of the slits is three times the other slit. The amplitude of the light coming from a slit is proportional to the slit-width. Find the ratio of the maximum to the minimum intensity in the interference pattern.
Solution:
Answer: (a)
Given: w_{2} = 3w_{1}
Also, A ∝ w
w_{1} / w_{2} = ⅓ ... (1)
Assume w_{1} = x, w_{2} = 3x
We know that
I_{max} = (A_{1} + A_{2})^{2}, and
I_{min} = (A_{1} – A_{2})^{2}
A_{1} / A_{2} = w_{1} / w_{2} ....(2)
From equation (2) we can say that
A_{1} = A and A_{2} = 3A
Now,
⇒
Question 18. In the given figure, a mass M is attached to a horizontal spring which is fixed on one side to a rigid support. The spring constant of the spring is k. The mass oscillates on a frictionless surface with time period T and amplitude A. When the mass is in equilibrium position, as shown in the figure, another mass m is gently fixed upon it. The new amplitude of oscillation will be:
Solution:
Answer: (a)
We know that ω_{f }=
Also, momentum is conserved just before and just after the block of mass (m) is placed because there is no impulsive force. So
MA_{i}ω_{i} = (M + m) v’
Question 19. A cube of side ‘a’ has point charges +Q located at each of its vertices except at the origin where the charge is –Q. The electric field at the centre of cube is:
Solution:
Answer: (c)
We can replace –Q charge at origin by +Q and –2Q. Now due to +Q charge at every corner of the cube, the electric field at the centre of the cube is zero so now the net electric field at centre is only due to –2Q charge at origin.
Question 20. Each side of a box made of metal sheet in cubic shape is ‘a’ at room temperature ‘T’, the coefficient of linear expansion of the metal sheet is ‘α’. The metal sheet is heated uniformly, by a small temperature ΔT, so that its new temperature is T+ΔT. Calculate the increase in the volume of the metal box:
Solution:
Answer: (c)
Coefficient of volumetric expansion, γ = 3α
ΔV / V = γΔT
ΔV = V.γΔT
ΔV = a^{3}. 3αΔT
SECTION-B
Question 1. A resonance circuit having inductance and resistance 2 × 10^{–4} H and 6.28 Ω respectively oscillates at 10 MHz frequency. The value of the quality factor of this resonator is________. [π = 3.14]
Solution:
Answer: 2000
Given: R = 6.28 Ω
f = 10 MHz
L = 2 × 10^{-4} Henry
We know that quality factor Q is given by
⇒ Q = X_{L} / R = ωL / R
also, ω = 2πf, so
⇒ Q = 2πfL / R
⇒ Q = 2π × 10 × 10^{6} × 2 × 10^{-4} / 6.28 = 2000
Q = 2000
Question 2. A ball with a speed of 9 m/s collides with another identical ball at rest. After the collision, the direction of each ball makes an angle of 30° with the original direction. The ratio of velocities of the balls after collision is x : y, where x is _________.
Solution:
Answer: 1
Momentum is conserved just before and just after the collision in both x-y direction.
In y-direction,
p_{i} = 0
p_{f} = mv_{1} sin30^{o} – mv_{2} sin30^{o}
P_{f} = m × ½ v_{1} - m × ½ v_{2}
p_{i} = p_{f}, so
= mv_{1} / 2 - mv_{2} / 2 = 0
⇒ mv_{1} / 2 = mv_{2} / 2 ⇒ v_{1} = v_{2}
v_{1} / v_{2} = 1
Question 3. An audio signal υ_{m} = 20sin2π(1500t) amplitude modulates a carrier υ_{c} =80 sin 2π (100,000t). The value of percent modulation is ________.
Solution:
Answer: 25
We know that, modulation index = A_{m} / A_{c}
From given equations, A_{m} = 20 and A_{c} = 80
Percentage modulation index = A_{m} / A_{c} × 100
⇒ 20 / 80 × 100 = 25%
The value of percentage modulation index is
= 25
Question 4. The coefficient of static friction between a wooden block of mass 0.5 kg and a vertical rough wall is 0.2. The magnitude of horizontal force that should be applied on the block to keep it adhere to the wall will be ______ N. [g = 10 ms^{-2}]
Solution:
Answer: 25
Given: μ_{s} = 0.2
m = 0.5 kg
g = 10 m/s^{2}
We know that
f_{s} = μ_{s}N and .... (1)
To keep the block adhere to the wall
Here, N = F ... (2)
f_{s} = mg .... (3)
From equation (1), (2), and (3), we get
⇒mg = μ_{s }F
⇒ F = mg / μ_{s} ⇒ F = 0.5 × 10 / 0.2
F = 25 N (for all values of F greater than or equal to 25 N this case is possible)
Question 5. An inclined plane is bent in such a way that the vertical cross-section is given by y = x^{2} / 4 where y is in vertical and x in horizontal direction. If the upper surface of this curved plane is rough with a coefficient of friction μ = 0.5, the maximum height in cm at which a stationary block will not slip downward is _____ cm.
Solution:
Answer: 25
Given,
y = x^{2} / 4
μ = 0.5
Condition for block will not slip downward
mg sin θ = μmg cos θ
⇒ tan θ = μ
And we know that
⇒ tanθ = dv / dx
⇒ dv / dx = μ ⇒ x/2 = 0.5 [y = x^{2} / 4 dy / dx = x / 2]
⇒ x = 1,
put x = 1 in equation y = x^{2}/4
⇒ y = (1)^{2} / 4 ⇒ y = ¼ ⇒ y = 0.25
y = 25 cm
Question 6. An electromagnetic wave of frequency 5 GHz, is travelling in a medium whose relative electric permittivity and relative magnetic permeability both are 2. Its velocity in this medium is _______ × 10^{7} m/s.
Solution:
Answer: 15
Given: f = 5 GHz
ε_{r} =2
μ_{r} = 2
Velocity of wave ⇒ v = c / n ....(1)
Where, n = √μ_{r}ε_{r} and c = speed of light = 3 × 10^{8} m/s
n = √2 × 2 = 2
put the value of n in we get
⇒ v = 3 × 10^{8} / 2 = 15 × 10^{7} m/s
⇒ X × 10^{7} = 15 × 10^{7}
X = 15
Question 7. A hydraulic press can lift 100 kg when a mass ‘m’ is placed on the smaller piston. It can lift _______ kg when the diameter of the larger piston is increased by 4 times and that of the smaller piston is decreased by 4 times keeping the same mass ‘m’ on the smaller piston.
Solution:
Answer: 25600
Atmospheric pressure P_{0} will be acting on both the limbs of the hydraulic lift.
Applying pascal’s law for the same liquid level
⇒ P_{0} + mg / A_{1} = P_{o} + (100)g / A_{2}
⇒ mg / A_{1} = (100)g / A_{2} ⇒ m / 100 = A_{1}/ A_{2} ...(1)
Diameter of piston on side of 100 kg is increased by 4 times so new area = 16A_{2}
Diameter of piston on side of (m) kg is decreasing
A_{1} = A_{1} / 16
(In order to increasing weight lifting capacity, diameter of smaller piston must be reduced)
Again, mg / (A_{1}/16) = M’g / 16A_{2} ⇒ 256m / M’ = A_{1}/ A_{2}
From equation (1) = 256m / M' = m / 100 ⇒ M’ = 25600 kg
Question 8. A common transistor radio set requires 12 V (D.C.) for its operation. The D.C. source is constructed by using a transformer and a rectifier circuit, which are operated at 220 V (A.C.) on standard domestic A.C. supply. The number of turns of the secondary coil are 24, then the number of turns of the primary are ______.
Solution:
Answer: 440
Given,
Primary voltage, V_{p} = 220 V
Secondary voltage, v_{s} = 12 V
No. of turns in secondary coil is N_{s} = 24
No. of turns in primary coil, N_{p} = ?
We know that for a transformer
⇒ N_{p} / N_{s} = V_{p} / V_{s}
⇒ N_{p} = V_{p} × N_{s} / V_{s} = 220 × 24 / 12
⇒ N_{p} = 440
Question 9. An unpolarized light beam is incident on the polarizer of a polarization experiment and the intensity of the light beam emerging from the analyzer is measured as 100 Lumens. Now, if the analyzer is rotated around the horizontal axis (direction of light) by 30° in clockwise direction, the intensity of emerging light will be________ Lumens.
Solution:
Answer: 75
Given: I_{0} = 100 lumens, θ = 30^{o}
I_{net} = I_{0} cos^{2}θ
I_{net} = 100 × (√3/2)^{2} = 100 × 3 / 4
I_{net} = 75 lumens
Question 10. In connection with the circuit drawn below, the value of current flowing through the 2kΩ resistor is _______ × 10^{–4} A.
Solution:
Answer: 25
In zener diode there will be o change in current after 5V
Zener diode breakdown
⇒ i = 5 / 2 × 10^{3}
⇒ i = 2.5 × 10^{–3} A
⇒ i = 25 × 10^{–4} A